Supply Chain Part 1: Fiber -Yarn – Textiles

Fiber

Cotton   Staple Fiber

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Wool  Staple Fiber

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Silk  Filament Fiber 

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Flax  Filament Fiber

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Recycled bottles in Polyester yarn   Filament Fiber

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Spinning Fiber to Yarn: 

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Cotton for Denim

Amount of twist:

  • Yarns intended for soft surfaced fabric are given slack twist. They are called as soft twisted yarns.
  • Yarns intended for smooth surfaced fabrics are given optimum twists. Such twisted yarns contribute strength, smoothness and elasticity.
  • Yarns intended for crepe fabrics are given maximum amount of twists.

 

Types of twist:

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S twist

Z twist 

 

Resources: 

Local: Fiber Shed

National: Ecoview Fiber Mill  Cotton USA  Martex Fiber

 

Fabric Production: 

Knitting: Weft and Warp (circular and flat)  how the needles work

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Weaving 

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Resources

Local: LA mills Wolfson Knitting Mills 

National: Wigwam Socks Minnesota Knitting Mills   cone mills valdese weavers

 

 

 

 

 

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